Note: This was originally written for the daily newsletter at the Columbia Journalism Review, where I am the chief digital writer
A group of veteran journalists who work for the Voice of America sent management a letter of protest Monday denouncing the new chief executive of the US Agency for Global Media, which oversees Voice of America and a number of other similar media outlets. In the letter, the staffers allege that comments made by Michael Pack, a Trump appointee who took office in June, “endanger the personal security of VOA reporters at home and abroad, as well as threatening to harm U.S. national security objectives.” As David Folkenflik reported at NPR, the comments in question came during a podcast produced by the conservative website The Federalist, and included Pack saying the agency was “a great place to put a foreign spy,” as well as joking about deporting his own employees and turning off the air conditioning or banning masks at VOA headquarters in order to help him “drain the swamp.” Pack also questioned whether the agency’s broadcasters were adhering to standards of balance. “Whatever CNN or any other network does is one thing,” he said on the podcast. “I have found egregious examples of flouting of those standards.”
In the Federalist interview, Pack also suggested that he has had to take strong action since he was appointed because of security lapses that occurred at the agency prior to his arrival. But his predecessor in the role of USAGM chief executive, John Lansing—now the CEO of National Public Radio—said that this is untrue. “Pack’s insistence that there were issues related to security in hiring at VOA is merely a smokescreen to avert attention from his blatant attempt to interfere with the legislatively mandated independence, or ‘firewall’, protecting the journalists of VOA from government interference,” Lansing told Folkenflik (a note on the NPR story said that because of Lansing’s previous job, neither he nor any other senior NPR executive reviewed the Pack story prior to publication). The letter from VOA staffers—including two White House correspondents, foreign correspondents based in Africa and Islamabad, and national security reporters—said that Pack’s allegations about security lapses at the agency were as baseless as the “Red Scare” conspiracy theories that targeted the Voice of America and other entities during the 1950s.
Since Pack took over the agency, he has made a series of dramatic restructuring moves, including forcing out the chief financial officer and the general counsel of the USAGM in mid-August, both of whom were placed on administrative leave and had their security clearances revoked. A statement from the agency that was sent to Politico and the New York Post at the time said these removals were meant to “restore respect for the rule of law in our work” after a review found lax vetting of journalists. But both of the executives said Pack’s actions were in retaliation for their whistle-blowing about what has been happening at the agency since he took over. Chief financial officer Grant Turner told a reporter for Voice of America that his removal was punishment for speaking up about “patterns of gross mismanagement” under Pack, as well as violations of the legal firewall that is supposed to protect USAGM journalists from political interference, and general counsel David Kligerman said he was sidelined “in retaliation for attempting to do my job in an apolitical manner and to speak truth to power.”
Among other moves since he took over, Pack also removed the heads of each of the five media outlets he is in charge of (Voice of America, Radio Free Asia, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, the Office of Cuba Broadcasting, and the Middle East Broadcasting Networks), and refused to sign visa renewals for a number of foreign journalists working for those networks. He has also repeatedly criticized some of the agency’s reporters for being pro-Democratic in their journalism, echoing some of the same accusations made by Donald Trump before Pack was appointed to his role (among other things, Trump said Voice of America was too soft on China in the wake of the COVID pandemic). In their letter, the VOA journalists said that Pack’s actions “risk crippling programs and projects for some countries that are considered national security priorities. He has ordered the firing of contract journalists, with no valid reason, by cancelling their visas, forcing them back to home countries where the lives of some of them may be in jeopardy. Now the purge appears to be expanding to include U.S. permanent residents and even U.S. citizens.”
As CJR’s Jon Allsop noted shortly after Pack’s appointment, what makes the accusations of interference by the Trump administration more complicated is that the Voice of America has always had a dual nature. While it does independent journalism and its leaders have often tried to make it a normal news organization, it’s also true it was created to be a vehicle for American “soft power,” one that would do things like promoting Western values in Iran during the Cold War. Dan Robinson, a longtime former VOA correspondent who wrote for CJR about the agency in 2017, told Allsop that while Trump’s criticisms and attacks have been unusually public, government officials have always communicated criticisms to the staff of the VOA, and the president has always had the power to pick agency leaders. All of which gives the letter writers a high bar to clear: can they show that Pack’s meddling, mismanagement or other malfeasance goes beyond what the agency’s chief executive is allowed to do?
Here’s more on Voice of America and the USAGM:
Visas denied: NPR’s Folkenflik wrote about the withdrawal of visas for a number of Voice of America’s foreign correspondents in June. “The foreign journalists affected by the visa decision are particularly valued for their language skills, which are crucial to VOA’s mission as an international broadcaster covering news in many countries that do not have a free or robust press. One VOA journalist, who asked not to be named because of a fear of retaliation, said it could lead to the departure of more than 100 staffers in the foreign language services.”
Internet freedom: The Open Technology Fund, a non-profit entity that works for internet freedom under the umbrella of the global media agency, filed a lawsuit in June against Pack, arguing that his moves to replace top staff and the governing board of the agency were unlawful. According to the court filing, Pack did not have the legal authority to fire any staff or governing board member of the Open Technology Fund. The lawsuit also argued that in firing the chiefs of the five networks, Pack violated the “firewall” clause in a federal broadcasting law that shield the news outlets from political interference.
Never independent: In his CJR piece in 2017, Dan Robinson notes that he spent about 35 years with Voice of America, serving in positions ranging from White House correspondent to overseas bureau chief and head of a key language division, and the agency has “always been funded by taxpayers to support a larger agenda.” While there are many reasons to be concerned about the Trump administration’s treatment of the media, he wrote, “to hold VOA and its parent agency out as journalistic paragons of virtue, as some major media have done, and assert they are no different from non-government media, ignores basic facts.”
Other notable stories:
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